All about Yerba Mate. Demography of production.


Demography of production

Demography of production в Клубе Матэ


There are only three producers of yerba mate in the world: Argentina, Brasil and Paraguay. As an indication of their relative importance we can consider the 1999 campaign. The total production of yerba mate canchada (pre-ground) that year was about 500.000 tons, the amount produced by each country is indicated in the table bellow.


WORLD PRODUCTION (yerba canchada 1999)


COUNTRY & PARTICIPATION (%)
Argentina 62%
Brasil 34%
Paraguay 4%
Total 100%


Source: Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería Pesca y Alimentos based on information given by the Foreign Commerce Bureau Misiones province.

As the table shows, Argentina is by far the main producer of yerba mate in the world. It is also the main exporter. Brasil in turn is the second producer, and, at the same time, the main importer.
In Argentina, this crop is found in the north-eastern region --Misiones and NE Corrientes provinces. Despite having similar climates, production models of these two provinces are quite different as they also differ in the relative weight of the yerba mate production in their economies. While it is the main crop in the Misiones province, representing up to 60% of its gross revenue, in Corrientes it only amounts to 7%. In Misiones, the larger number of farms are small family holdings, with production being sold to mills located in the province or elsewhere. In Corrientes, the big yerba mate companies have set up plantations of large dimensions, working in an integrated fashion from harvest to the supermarket shelves. Misiones is the main producer, accounting for almost 90% of the Argentinian production. For that reason we will look at its production more closely.






Влияет ли Луна на проведение ритуалов матэ и на организм человека?


Представления индейских народов о том, что тайные ритуалы, связанные с йерба матэ, дают особые магические силы и способности, видимо, не лишены основания. Как оказалось, матэ очень активно влияет на центры эндокринной активности. В частности, матэ является стимулятором эпифиза и таким образом способствует выработке мелатонина. По мнению многих исследователей, этот гормон играет значительную роль в психических способностях человека, поэтому матэ называют «третьим глазом» и «вратами и божественному духу».